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Esteros de Farrapos

The Esteros de Farrapos and Islands of the Uruguay River National Park is a system of riverine wetlands and islands that are permanently and/or temporarily flooded as a result of the flooding of the Uruguay River. On its margins elevations develop that reach a height of between two and three meters, on which arboreal vegetation develops with a wide variety of species that cushion the effect of the river flooding. It is noteworthy for its high degree of naturalness, the diversity of its environments and its role in preventing and controlling floods, protecting the coastline of the Uruguay River, and as a breeding site for priority species in terms of both conservation and commercial value.

Several ecosystems coexist there: marches, swamps, natural fields and the coastal scrub, which generates a biological corridor. There is also the hill park which is open with a variety of trees allowing for a large diversity of birds, some of which are endangered nationally and regionally, such as Saffron-cowled blackbird and three species of capuchins. The islands are also spaces for the breeding and wintering of Nearctic and Neotropical migratory species. This latter point has earned the area recognition as a Ramsar site. Among the mammals it should be noted that one of the two documented records of the maned wolf, the largest native canid and also endangered, comes from this area.