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San Miguel

With an area of 1,500 hectares, bordered to the east by the San Miguel River, the National Park is located in an area predominated by low internal and lagoon plains alternating with higher rocky hill sites. In the sierra de San Miguel there are hills of moderate elevation, with the Vigía and Picudo hills standing out in the landscape at 152 meters and 100 meters above sea level respectively. A significant part of the National Park area is covered by native forest and scrubland vegetation with a carpet of grass. You will be able to see a variety of species in the area such as the myrrhinium, the zanthoxylum rhifolium, myrtus, scotia buxifolia and the taruman. The marshes are important areas for the nesting and feeding of several species of bird (crows, hummingbirds and vermilion flycatchers, among others.). There is also an abundance of mammals, amphibians and reptiles which are characteristic of these ecosystems, and among the exotic species are local cattle and sheep. The original core of these local animals was rescued by Horacio Arredondo from different parts of the country, and today forms part of the national cultural and natural heritage, as well as constituting a genetic reserve in the country.

Nature enriched by history

One of the main attractions of the park is the classic visit to the San Miguel Fort. Its construction began in 1734, and was a Spanish initiative, but Portuguese forces seized it in 1737 and gave it its final design. A historical collection lies behind its drawbridge and the areas in which its Spanish and Portuguese occupants used to live are reproduced. Around it are a historic cemetery, a beautiful park and the Horacio Arredondo museum where a cart from 1816, a wagon from 1880, a ranch made from mud and straw and other items from countryside life are exhibited.